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2019山西成人高考 英语必背词汇

2019-08-01   来源:   评论:0 点击:
  考前必背:350个成考专升本英语科目精华提炼词汇,get!

  考试时间

  笔试:2019年10月下旬

  开考科目(上午)成人高考英语科目

  分值分布

  总分150分

  分为I卷(选择题125分)

  和II卷(非选择题25分)

  成功无捷径There Is No Shortcut to Success

  熟能生巧PracticeMakesPerfect

  读书的快乐ThePleasure of Reading

  拼搏Struggling

  放弃 Give Up

  助学贷款Students Loans

  正确择业 Choosing the Right Career

  能力Ability

  创新Innovation

  感谢Gratitude

  应试教育 Test-oriented Education System

  面试前的准备Preparation for the Interview

  悲观心态Pessimistic Mind

  乐观心态Optimistic Mind

  失败Failure

  知识Knowledge

  自律Self-Discipline

  无目标的Aimless

  珍惜时间Cherishing Time

  失学Dropping Out of School/Leaving School

  只注重考试成绩Exam-Oriented Education

  死读书Study in a Rigid Way/Stressing Only Exam Score

  大学生就业难It‘s Difficult for University Students to Look for Job/Difficulty Hunting for Jobs of College Students

  Part2

  评论类

  (维持信任)

  勤奋Diligence

  耐心Patience

  成功Success

  机遇Opportunity

  挑战Challenge

  勤俭节约Thrifty

  实事求是seek truth from facts

  社会公德Public Morality

  礼貌Politeness

  提高个人修养Shaping the Morality

  爱心Love

  责任Responsibility

  美丽Beauty

  创新Innovation

  拼搏精神The Determined Spirit

  奉献精神The Dedication Spirit

  自信Self-Confidence

  诚实Honesty

  谦虚Modesty

  奋斗Strive

  团队精神&合作Teamwork Spirit &

  Cooperation

  竞争Competition

  理解、谅解Understanding

  和谐社会Harmonious Society

  打好基础的重要性The Importance of Fundamentals/Basic Skills

  可持续发展Sustainable Development

  美德Virtue

  谨慎Prudence

  尊老爱幼Respect the Old and Care for the Young

  仁义道德Virtue and Morality

  挫折与坎坷Twists and Turns

  逆境Setback

  终身学习Life-Long Study

  从小事做起Start from Small Details

  人生处处面临选择We Are Always Faced Various Choices

  幽默感A Sense of Humor

  沟通Communication

  身心健康Physical and Mental Health

  捐献Donation

  人才的素质The Qualities of the Talents

  业余爱好Hobbies

  爱国主义Patriotism

  感谢对手Expressing Thanks to Our Rivals

  欣赏Appreciation

  关爱True Love

  信念Conviction

  奉献 Contributions

  梦想 Ambitions

  希望 Hope

  Part3

  历史类

  论语Analectsof Confucius

  发明纸和瓷器 invented paper and porcelain

  发明火药 invention of gunpowder

  发明印刷术 block printing was invented

  科举制 Imperial Examination for recruiting civil servants

  丝绸之路 Silk Route

  中国画 traditional Chinese painting

  人物画 portrait

  功夫Kungfu

  太极Tai Chi

  口 技 ventriloquism

  木偶戏puppet show

  皮影戏 shadow play

  折子戏 opera highlights

  杂技 acrobatics

  相声 witty dialogue comedy

  泥人 clay figure

  书法 calligraphy

  中国画 traditional Chinese painting

  水墨画 Chinese brush painting

  中国结 Chinese knot

  山水 landscape painting

  花鸟 flower and bird

  草虫 grass and insect

  泼墨 paint-splashing style

  写意 impressionistic style

  工笔 elaborate style

  毛笔 writing brush

  书法 calligraphic art

  书法家 calligraphic artist

  楷体 formal script/regular script

  行书 running script

  宋体 Song-dynasty script

  工艺品 handwork/handicrafts

  手工艺品 articles of handcraft art

  文物 cultural relics/antiques

  国宝 national treasure

  人民大会堂 Great Hall of the People

  故宫博物馆 Imperial Palace Museum

  Part4

  经济类

  行业垄断Monopoly

  宏观调控Macro-Regulation

  不良贷款Non-Performing Loan

  超前消费Consumption in Advance/

  Excessive Consumption

  快速发展旅游业Fast Development of Tourism

  地区差异Regional Disparity

  经济利益Financial Interests

  跳槽Job-Hopping

  风险投资Risk Investment

  消费者Consumers

  假冒产品Fake Products

  暴富,一夜之间变富有Earning-Quick-Buck/Make Rich Overnight

  卡奴Card Slave

  假日旅游 Traveling on Holidays

  打折On Discount

  就业与失业 Employment and Unemployment

  住房问题 Housing Problems

  城市交通问题 Urban Traffic Problems

  可持续发展Sustainable Development

  虚假广告 The Issue of False Ads

  小康社会 a well-to-do society

  人民生活 people‘s livelihood

  生活水平 living standards

  生活质量 quality of life

  住房条件 housing conditions

  文化程度 educational level

  就业率 employment rate

  人均收入 average income per capita

  年平均工资 average annual pay

  奖金 bonus

  生活费用 cost of living

  消费价格指数 consumer price index

  环境污染指数 environment pollution index

  衣食住行 food, clothing, sheltering and means of traveling

  购买力 purchasing power

  贫困家庭 the needy family

  贫困地区 poverty-stricken region

  下岗 be laid off

  小康 relative affluence

  安居乐业 live a good life

  共同富裕 shared prosperity

  社会保险 social insurance

  助学金 grant-in-aid

  赈灾救济金 disaster relief funds

  人口 population

  人口分布 population distribution

  流动人口 transient population

  城市人口 urban population

  农业人口 agriculture population

  出生率 birth rate

  自然增长率 natural growth rate

  负增长率 negative growth rate

  普查 census

  户口册 household register

  计划生育 family planning/ planned parenthood

  优生优育 ensure good prenatal and postnatal care

  自治区 autonomous region

  民族 ethnic groups

  少 数 民 族 ethnic minorities/ minority peoples

  Part5

  科技类

  网络世界cyber world

  网络文化cyber culture

  网络犯罪cyber crime

  网上购物 online shopping

  高产优质 high yield and high quality

  光谷 optical valley

  虚拟银行virtual bank

  信息化 informationization

  信息高速公路 information superhighway

  新兴学科 new branch of science; emerging discipline

  纳米 nanometer

  高科技园 high-tech park

  工业园区 industrial park

  火炬计划 Torch Program (a plan to develop new and high technology)

  信息港info port

  信息革命 information revolution

  电子货币e-currency

  人工智能 artificial intelligence (AI)

  生物技术 bio-technology

  克隆 cloning

  基因工程 genetic engineering

  转基因食品 genetically modified food (GM food)

  试管婴儿 test-tube baby

  基因突变 genetic mutation

  网络出版e-publishing

  三维电影 three-dimensional movie

  个人数字助理 personal digital assistant (PDA)

  生态农业 environment-friendly agriculture

  技术密集产品 technology-intensive product

  数码科技 digital technology

  同步卫星 geostationary satellite

  神舟五号载人飞船 manned spacecraft Shenzhou V

  风云二号气象卫星 Fengyun II meteorological satellite

  登月舱 lunar module

  多任务小卫星 small multi-mission satellite (SMMS)

  多媒体短信服务 Multimedia Messaging Service ( MMS)

  电子商务 e-business; e-commerce

  电子管理e-management

  办公自动化 Office Automation (OA)

  信息高地 information highland

  信息检索 information retrieval

  电话会议 teleconference

  无土栽培 soilless cultivation

  超级杂交水稻super-hybrid rice

  科技发展 scientific and technological advancement

  重点项目key project

  国家重点工程 national key projects

  Part6

  文化类

  京剧 Peking opera

  昆曲 Kunqu opera

  中国画 traditional Chinese painting

  人物画 portrait

  秦腔 Qin opera

  功夫Kungfo

  太极Tai Chi

  口 技 ventriloquism

  木偶戏puppet show

  皮影戏 shadow play

  折子戏 opera highlights

  杂技 acrobatics

  相声 witty dialogue comedy

  刺绣 embroidery

  苏绣 Suzhou embroidery

  泥人 clay figure

  书法 calligraphy

  中国画 traditional Chinese painting

  水墨画 Chinese brush painting

  中国结 Chinese knot

  山水 landscape painting

  花鸟 flower and bird

  草虫 grass and insect

  泼墨 paint-splashing style

  写意 impressionistic style

  工笔 elaborate style

  毛笔 writing brush

  书法 calligraphic art

  书法家 calligraphic artist

  楷体 formal script/regular script

  行书 running script

  宋体 Song-dynasty script

  Part7

  教育类

  高等学府 institution of higher education

  综合性大学 comprehensive university

  文科院校 colleges of (liberal) arts

  理工科大学 college / university of science and engineering

  师范学院 teachers‘ college; normal college

  高分低能 high scores and low abilities

  高考(university/college) entrance examination

  高校扩招 the college expansion plan

  记者招待会press conference

  国家教委 State Education Commission

  国家统计局 State Statistical Bureau

  职业培训job training

  职业文盲 functional illiterate

  智力引进 recruit/introduce (foreign) talents

  智商 intelligence quotient (IQ)

  教育界 education circle

  教育投入 input in education

  九年义务教育 nine-year compulsory education

  考研 take the entrance exams for postgraduate schools

  课外活动 extracurricular activities

  必修课 required/compulsory course

  选修课 elective/optional course

  基础课 basic courses

  专业课 specialized courses

  课程表 school schedule

  教学大纲 teaching program; syllabus

  学习年限 period of schooling

  学历 record of formal schooling

  学分 credit

  启发式教学 heuristic teaching

  人才交流 talent exchange

  人才战 competition for talented people

  商务英语证书 Business English Certificate (BEC)

  适龄儿重入学率 enrollment rate for children of school age

  升学率 proportion of students entering schools of a higher grade; enrollment rate

  硕博连读 a continuous academic project that involves postgraduate and doctoral study

  素质教育 quality-oriented education

  填鸭式教学 cramming method of teaching

  希望工程Project Hope

  走读生 extern; non-resident student

  住宿生boarder

  研究生 graduate student; post-graduate (student)

  应届毕业生 graduating student; current year‘s graduate

  校园数字化 campus digitalization

  校园文化 campus culture

  学汉语热 enthusiasm in learning Chinese

  学历教育 education with record of formal schooling

  学龄儿重school-ager

  学前教育 preschool education

  学生减负 alleviate the burden on students

  应试教育 exam-oriented education

  职业道德 work ethics; professional ethics

  助学行动 activity to assist the impoverished students

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