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2015山西省成考英语语法学习技巧(八)
2014-12-18 10:54:35   来源:   评论:0 点击:
  (1)反身代词包括:myself,yourself,himself,herself,itself,ourselves,yourselves,therrKselves.

  例:The young people have learned English all by themselves.

  I myself don’t know how to express myself.(同位语、动词宾语)

  You’d better ask the doctor herself.

  That poor boy living alone by himself was myself.(介宾、主语补足语)

  注意下列习惯用语:by oneself(自己干),of oneself(自动地),

  for oneself(替自己) 9among themselves(他们之间)。

  (一)指示代词

  指承代词包括this,that,these,those,such等,在句中作主语、宾语、表语、定语。形容词性用 法是用作定语,而名词性用法是用作主语、宾语、表语。

  1. thisythat,these,those 的用法

  (1) this/these —般指时间和空间上较近的人或物;而that/those常指时间和空间上较远的人 或物。

  例:This ivS my desk and that is your desk.

  These are my books and those are his books.

  (2) this/these—般指前面或后面要讲到的事物,而that/those指前面讲过的事物。

  例:Tom was ill. That is why he didn’t come to school.

  What I want to say is this,a foreign language is really important.

  (3) that/those常用来指前面提到过的名词。that代替单数,those代替复数,且后面必须有后 置定语。

  例:The weather here is colder than that in Guangzhou.

  The population of Shanghai is larger than that of Tianjin.

  The houses of the rich are larger than those of the poor.

  The apples on the floor are bigger than those in the basket.

  注:that和this还可用作副词,修饰形容词和副词,表示程度。

  2. such的用法

  (1) such 一般作定语和主语。

  作定语时,它所修饰的名词前如有不定冠词,such应放在不定冠词之前作主语时,其后谓语根据情况而定。

  例:He is such an honest boy.

  Such was what he wanted to tell me.

  Such are the questions that he raised.

  (2) such常用于固定结构“• • • such a/an adj. +名词”中,如:

  例:It is such a fine day that we’d all like to have a walk outside.

  3. it的用法

  代词it除了可像其他代词一样代替名词短语外,还可做其他多种用途。

  指上下文中的事物、动物、婴儿甚至人。如:

  The baby? It is in the bed. The dog? It is in the room.

  宝宝?在床上。 狗?在房间里。

  用作无人称句的主语,表示天气、时间、环境、距离等。如:

  It was night when he woke up and it was raining.

  更多资讯,请关注山西省成人高等教育网 http://sxckz.com

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