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2015山西省成考英语语法学习技巧(九)
2014-12-18 11:01:04   来源:   评论:0 点击:
  用作形式主语(代替不定式短语、动名词短语、主语从句等真正主语)。如:

  It is not his habit to ask people for help.

  请求别人帮助不是他的习惯。

  It doesn't make any difference his being there.

  他在不在那里不重要。

  It was plain to everybody that it was a desirable job.

  人人都很清楚,那是个称心的工作。

  用作形式宾语(代替不定式短语、动名词短语、主语从句等真正宾语)。如:

  I felt it my duty to mention the fact to the manager.

  我觉得向经理提到事实是我的责任。

  He don’t consider it worthwhile doing it again.

  他认为这不值得重做。

  He doesn’t want it to be known that she is moving.

  他不想让人知道她要搬家。

  用于强调结构(以强调某一句子成分)。如:

  It was a snake that I shot in the dark.

  我在黑暗中打中的是一条蛇。

  (五)不定代词

  不定代词是指非特定对象的代词,如:both,either, neither,i other,many,much,(a) few,( a) little,some,any,one,somebody,someone,something,anybody,any­one ,anything,everybody,everyone,everything,nobody,no one,nothing 等。

  不定代词大多既可代替名词短语(名词性用法),又可用作名词的定语(形容词性用法),如:all l等,但有的仅可代替名词短语,如nobody等,或仅可用作名词的定语,如no等。

  1. both,either,neither,all,every, each,none,no

  (1) both:指两个人或物。有名词性和形容词性两种用法。如:

  Both (of my two sisters) are clever and diligent. (名词性用法)

  Both my two sisters are clever and diligent. (形容词性用法) (我的姐妹)俩人都很机灵,也都很努力。

  (2) either,neither:皆指两个人或物。有名词性和形容词性两种用法。如: Either (of his hands) are/is able to write very well. (名词性用法) Either hand is able to write very well. (形容词性用法) 134 •

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