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2015山西省成考英语语法学习技巧(十一)
2014-12-18 21:08:44   来源:   评论:0 点击:
  1. One can’t enjoy oneself/himself if one/he is too tired.

  一个人如果太累了是无法玩得高兴的。

  One's love affairs are one's/his own business.

  —个人的爱情是他自己的事情。

  2. 替代词0ne(S):用以代替上文中已出现过的可数名词(单数或复数)短语,以避免重复。如: Accidents in the fog? There have been several ones. Here’s one in today’s paper.

  雾中事故?发生过好几件。今天的报纸上就有一件。

  3. the other指“两者中的另一个”,有名词性和形容词性两种用法。如:

  He has two brothers. One is a doctor,the other is a teacher.

  She will stay here another month.

  注意:another与few或数词连用时,后也可接复数名词,如:

  He will stay here for another five weeks.

  4. the others指确定的另外那部分的人或物,仅有名词性用法,如:

  He went swimming while the others stay at home.

  注:much,little和a little还可用作副词。

  5. many,much:分别代替(名词性用法)或修饰(形容词性用法)可数名词和不可数名词。

  Many (of the people) say much (of the water) has been wasted in washing dishes.

  (那些人中)有许多人说(那些水)有许多用于洗碗浪费掉了。

  Many people say much water has been wasted in washing dishes.

  许多人说许多水用于洗碗浪费掉了。

  6. a few,a little:表示肯定意义,分别代替(名词性用法)或修饰(形容词性用法)可数名词和不 可数名词。

  Only a few (of the persons) agree only a little (of the money) has been spent in vain.

  只有几个(人)同意仅有一点点钱是白花费掉的。

  Only a few persons agree only a little money has been spent in vain.

  只有几个人同意仅有一点点钱是白花费掉的。

  7. few,little:表示否定意义,分别代替(名词性用法)或修饰(形容词性用法)可数名词与不可 数名词。

  Few (of the cakes) has been sold. So little (of the butter) is used any more.

  (这些蛋糕)几乎没有几个卖掉了。所以,(这些奶油)几乎不会再用多少了。

  Few cakes has been sold. So little butter is used any more.

  几乎没有几个蛋糕卖掉了。所以,几乎不会再用多少奶油了。

  8. some,any:表示不确定的数量或者不确定的人(或物),可代替(名词性用法)或修饰(形容词 性用法)可数或不可数名词 。

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