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2015山西省成考英语基础知识学习(四)
2014-12-26 13:43:38   来源:   评论:0 点击:
  1.become,seem,turn,grow,look(看起来),smell(闻起来),sound(听起来),feel(摸起来), taste(尝起来)等,如:

  Peters mother is an engineer.

  The weather turns colder and colder.

  My brother has become a policeman. ( = My brother has turned policeman)

  The story that he told us sounded interesting.

  This dish of yours tastes delicious.

  2.不及物动词——不需要接宾语,但其中多数还可用作及物动词。

  He had the habit of smoking,but he doesn't smoke now.

  3.单宾语及物动词——仅接一个宾语,如:

  He had his finger cut when he was cutting the apple.

  4.双宾语及物动词须接两个宾语,如:

  She sent him a letter when sending her friends Christmas cards.

  5.复合宾语及物动词——须接复合宾语,如:

  I caught the boy catching a cat by the neck.

  6.助动词.•一般没有词义,不单独作谓语,和主要动词一起构成各种时态、语态和语气等动词 形式,以及帮助主要动词构成疑问式和否定式。 助动词主要有:be,do,have,shall,will,should,would 等。

  They are playing Pingpong ball at Room 305.

  The letter was last received on the morning of September 1.

  We have already finished doing our housework.

  She didn’t come that afternoon.

  I do work harder than before.(我工作的确比以前努力j"。)

  I went to the concert yesterday evening,so did he.

  They will leave for USA next Friday.

  7.情态动词.•表示说话人对某一动作或状态的态度,认为“可能”、“应该”、“必须”等,如:

  May I use your dictionary, please?

  The work must be finished as soon as possible.

  8.多字动词 多字动词是在单字动词后加上一定的小品词构成,又分为以下三种: (1)介词动间:由单字动词+介词小品同构成,都为及物动词,宾语置于介词小品词后。如:

  I got to thinking that she perhaps wouldn’t come at all.

  我幵始觉得或许她根本就不会来了。 (2)成语动词:由单字动词+副词小品词构成,可为及物动词或不及物动词。为及物动词时,宾语可置于副词小品词之后,也可置于动词和副词小品词之间(但宾语为代词时,通常只能置于动词和副词小品同之间;只有当强调或对比时,代词才可置于副词小品词之后)。如:

  The class got up when the headmaster came in.

  校长走进教室时全班起立。 (3)成语介词动词:由单字动词+副词小品词+介词小品词构成,皆为及物动词。如:

  I hope to get up to the required speed of reading soon.

  我希望很快达到要求的阅渎速度。

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