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2015山西省成考英语基础知识学习(六)
2014-12-26 14:03:19   来源:   评论:0 点击:
  1.表示现在行为:表示具有持续性的现在发生行为(多为状态动词),如:

  I agree with you completely. Don’t doubt it.

  2.表示说话瞬时的行为:表示与说话时间几乎同时发生或完成的短暂行为(多用表示短暂动作的动词),用于体育实况报道、操作演示解说、剧本动作的说明等。

  First I put the butter into a pan,and then I break two eggs into a bowl.

  3.表示过去时间的行为:表示过去发生的事情,以加强叙述的生动。如:

  He rushes into the burning house,picks up the boy.

  4.—般过去时

  (1) 一般过去时表示过去发生的动作或存在的状态。时间状语常用yesterday,last year,in the year of 2001,一段时间十ago等,如:

  We began to study English seven years ago.

  She was born at ten a. m. on June 2nd,1989.

  Before we could take a picture of the bird.il flew away.

  (2) 表示过去常常或反复发生的动作或习惯性行为,时间状语常用often,always,once a month 等频度副词,也常用used to/would十动词原形表,如:

  They always went to school on foot.

  When Grandpa Wang lived there, we went to see him very often.

  He used to smoke a lot,but now he has stopped smoking.

  She would talk for hours once the meeting began.

  (3) 有些句子时间不明显,而实际上发生于过去,也用过去时,如:

  We didn't know you had come back.

  I didn't know you were in London.(说话时已经知道了)

  (4) 一般过去时和过去进行时的区别。 一般过去时表示在过去的时间段内动作的完成;过去进行时表示动作正在进行。如:

  She read a magazine last night.

  She was reading a magazine at this time yesterday.

  (5) 表示现在发生的行为:在口语中可用来表示说话时发生的行为。如:

  Did you wish to see me now?

  (6) 表示过去将来的行为:即对于过去来说的末来行为,多见于时间、条件状语从句中。如: They promised they would try again if they failed.

  (7) 虚拟用法:可表示现在或将来臆想的或非真实的情况。如:

  I wish I were back home. I don’t like the place. I,d rather you didn’t do it.

  5.现在进行时

  (1) 表示现在正在进行或发生的动作,句中可有now,at the moment等时间状语,也可无表示 现在时间的状语。如:

  She is standing there and waiting for her classmate.

  Are you watching TV or listening to the radio?

  Please don't make any noise. The baby is sleeping.

  (2) 表示当前一段时期内的活动或现阶段正在进行的动作,如:

  We are learning Lesson Four this week.

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