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2015山西省成考英语基础知识学习(九)
2014-12-26 14:18:35   来源:   评论:0 点击:
  1.be going to结构:表示对将来的主观打算和客观判断。如:

  He is going to get everything ready by tomorrow.

  That tree is going to fall down. Run away from it.

  2.be to结构:表示按计划、安排、命令等将要发生的行为。如:

  Tell her she is not to be late any more.

  3.be about to结构:表示很快的将来就要发生的行为。如:

  Hurry up. The train is about to leave.

  4.—般现在时:表示按预订时间或计划安排将要发生的行为,或在时间、条件等状语从句中表示将要发生的行为。如:

  The old professor retire's next July.

  I probably will forget if he doesn't mention it.

  5.现在进行:表示不久的将来要发生,或按计划,安排即将要发生的行为。如:

  He,s leaving on the New York flight.

  6.过去将来时 过去将来时表示从过去看将要发生的情况,主要用在宾语从句中。常见结构有:

  would,should, was/were going to, was/were doing, was/were to, was/were about to 等,如: They said they would come on Tuesday.

  She told us that the train was arriving in half an hour.

  I asked him whether he would take part in the meeting.

  He said he was going to visit an exhibition next Monday.

  They said they were about to leave in ten minutes.

  还可用一般过去时、过去进行时表示对于过去来说的将要发生的行为。如:

  I was afraid I probably would forget if he dirlnt mention it.

  (三)动词的焐态

  语态分两种:主动语态和被动语态,动作的执行者作主语就用主动语态;反之,动作的承受者作主语就用被动语态。 被动语态用于:我们不知道或没有必要说出动作执行者时,如:

  This kind of machine is made in South Korea.

  A good many buildings have been put up in the city in the past a few years.

  7.强调动作承受者时被动语态由“be+动词—ed”构成,这里动词形式常见的有:

  (1) 及物动词如:say,tell,know

  (2) 不及物动词 + 介词如:listen to,look after,agree with, talk about

  (3) 及物动词 + 副词如:put off,think over,point out, turn off

  (4) 动词 + 名词 + 介词如:pay attention to, make use of, take care of * catch hold of,catch sight of

  (5) 动词 + 副词 +介词如:look down on/upon,make up for,do away with 例:The matter will be discussed at the next meeting.

  The work was finished last Friday.

  The money has all been spent by us.

  更多资讯,请关注山西省成人高等教育网http://sxckz.com

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