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2015山西省成人英语基础知识学习(十)
2014-12-26 14:31:17   来源:   评论:0 点击:
  1.被动语态的时态 被动语态的时态由助动词be的各种时态形式+过去分词构成,常用者如下: (1)一般现在时。如:

  My car is parked near our house. ( — I parked my car near our house.)

  我的车停在我家附近。

  The wall was painted white. ( — He painted the wall white.)

  墙涂成了白色的。 (2)—般将来时。如:

  He will be offered a high pay. (♦-They will offer him a high pay.)

  他将会给高报酬。 双宾语及物动词变被动语态时可用间接宾语做主语(如上例),也可用直接宾语做主语(注意介 词的使用)。如:

  A high pay will be offered to him.

  2.现在进行时。如:

  The child is being taken good care of. (—They are taking good care of the child.) 那孩子正在受到精心照料。

  “动词+名词+介词”构成的成语结构变被动语态时可用句子宾语做主语(如上例),也可用该 成语结构中的名词做主语。如:

  Good care is being taken of the child.

  3.现在完成时。如:

  The boy has been made to work long. (—She has made the boy work long.)

  那男孩已被迫工作很长时间了。 接不带to的不定式短语做宾语补足语的动词,如:see,hert,observe,notice,make , have等,若 变为被动语态,不定式前通常要加tO,否则是错误的。

  4.下列情况不用被动:

  (1) 动词为不及物动词,如:happen,last,breakout,go, run,swim 等,如:

  I don’t know what happened to the taxi.

  (2) 动词表示状态,如:become,have,own,fit,hold (容纳)等,如:

  We have a colour TV set.

  The hall can hold more than one thousand people.如:

  (3) “及物动词+ 名词”为固定词组,如:take place,make one’s way,eat one’ words.

  Great changes have taken place here in the past several years.

  (4) 在结构“使役动词/感觉动词+ sb.fsth. + da"”中,变被动句时,“do”前须加“to”;使役 动词和感觉动词主要有:let,make»have,see,hear,watchtnotice,observe,feel 等,如:

  I heard her sing the English song.

  更多资讯,请关注山西省成人高等教育网http://sxckz.com

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