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2015山西省成人英语基础知识学习(十八)
2014-12-29 11:09:50   来源:   评论:0 点击:
  ③try后——用动名间短语时表示“(做某事)试一试(看是否会有某结果的意思,用动词不定 式短语时则表示“极力(去做某事)”之意。试对比:

  Try putting some salt in the soup. It will taste better,I think.

  在汤里放点盐试试。我想,味道会好些的。

  She tried to put all the things into the bag, but couldn’t.

  她极力想把所有的东西都放到包里去,可不行。 ④stop和go on后——用动名词短语时表示“停止”或“继续”做原来的事,用动词不定式短语 (作目的状语)则是表示要去做另一件事。试对比:

  The women went on working though it was already very dark.

  妇女们继续工作,尽管天已经很黑了。

  The women went on to work after they had their lunch.

  妇女们吃过午饭后又接着工作。 但begin,start,continue等后可接动名词短语或不定式短语,语义基本相同。如:

  They started discussing/to discuss the problem at once.

  他们马上开始讨论那个问题。

  (二)动名词

  动名词由动词+ ing构成。它具有动词和名词的性质,在句中充当主语、宾语、表语和定语。 (1) 作主语

  Getting up early is good for your health.

  Reading English often is very important in learning a foreign language.

  某些句型结构中也用it作形式主语,如:

  It is no use/useless/good doing sth.

  例:It is no use talking with him about it.

  I don't think it is any good calling to him.

  (2) 作宾语

  I did remember seeing him somewhere last Sunday.

  Before class,you will be asked to stop talking and smoking.

  Would you mind opening the window for me?

  注意:跟在介词后的动词必须用动名词形式,充当介词的宾语,如.•

  I am thinking of going to travel in Europe.

  Thank you for bringing me such a beautiful gift.

  (3) 作表语

  My work is teaching you English.

  Her greatest pleasure was watching TV at home.

  注意:动名词作表语往往表示抽象意义的动作(动作性不强),而不表示具体的某次动作。 (4)作定语

  A swimming pool is being built in the park.

  Your teaching method is a little out of time.

  注意:动名词作定语说明所修饰名词的用途,而不表示进行的动作。

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