首页 > 专升本 > 英语 > 正文
2015山西省成人英语基础知识学习(十九)
2014-12-29 11:20:33   来源:   评论:0 点击:
  2. 使用动名词注意下列事项。

  (1) 下列动词后只用动名词:avoid,admit,consider,delay,enjoy, escape, finish,imagine,keep, mind,miss,practise,risk,suggest 等 0

  例:He finished reading the novel in two days.

  I am considering going there by bicycle.

  I suggested putting off the meeting till next Wednesday.

  I am sorry to miss catching the first bus.

  (2) 下列词组后用动名词:be afraid oi,be/get used to,think of,be fond of,can’t help,feel like, give up,look forward to,pay attention to,have trouble in,insist on,put off,succeed in 等。

  例:He has been used to living in the city after so many years have passed.

  I don’t feel like going to see the film now.

  3. 下列句遨用主动形式表示被动意义:

  (1) 主语十be (well) worth + doing某事(很)值得一做

  (2) 主语 + need/want/require + doing 某事需要被做 (=主语 + need/want/require to be done)

  例:The TV program is well worth watching.

  The bike needs/wants/requires repairing immediately.

  ( = The bike needs/wants/requires to be repaired immediately.)

  4. 动名词的时态和语态

  (1) 主动语态一般时——表示:①无时间意义的行为;②与谓语行为同时的行为;③谓语行为之 先的行为;④被动行为。如:

  I don’t mind having a cup of whisky at parties.

  The TV set needs repairing again.

  (2) 主动语态完成时——表示谓语行为之先的行为。

  They were lucky in having found the stolen car.

  (3) 被动语态一般时——表示其逻辑主语承受的行为。

  The fact of being backed by so many people is a great comfort.

  (4) 被动语态完成时——表示其逻辑主语在谓语之先承受的行为。如:

  Do you remember having been sent such an e-mail?

  动名词的否定形式:在动名词前加否定词not构成。注意,复合形式的动名词中not不可置于 having 或 being 之后,如:

  Excuse me for not being able to offer you any help.

  (三)分词

  例:Hearing the news, we all jumped with joy.

  Having studied in the university for 4 years,he knows the place very well.

  Having been criticized by the teacher,Li Gang finally gave up smoking.

  He always has his hair cut every three weeks.

  更多资讯,请关注山西省成人高等教育网 http://sxckz.com

责任编辑:yqmzno1

相关热词搜索:

分享到: 收藏
评论排行

关于我们 | 联系方式 | 版权声明 | 招聘信息 | 友情链接

办公地址:北京市西城区99999999999999 电话:010-0909090090 邮编:100045 通信地址:北京市100025-109信箱 

工信部备案号:京ICP备07500570号  技术支持:北京教育部旗下招生网